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Gordon Farquharson

Affiliate Principal Engineer

Affiliate Assistant Professor, Electrical Engineering






B.S. Electrical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 1996

M.S. Electrical Engineering, University of Cape Town, South Africa, 1996

Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 2005


2000-present and while at APL-UW

Phase calibration of an along-track interferometric FMCW SAR

Deng, H., G. Farquharson, J. Sahr, Y. Goncharenko, and J. Mower, "Phase calibration of an along-track interferometric FMCW SAR," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 56, 4876-4886, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2018.2841837, 2018.

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1 Aug 2018

We introduce a phase calibration scheme for an interferometric frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) to correct range-dependent phase errors in FMCW SAR interferograms. We demonstrate that the receiver filters operating on the FMCW beat frequency signal account for most of the phase mismatch between the different receiver channels. The scheme presented estimates the phase error in each channel. We present results of the scheme for three estimation approaches (curve fitting, joint least squares, and maximum likelihood) for two different phase models. The results are quantified by computing the reduction in spectral energy associated with the phase mismatch. We find that phase error can be reduced by 14 dB using the approach.

Turbulence from breaking surface waves at a river mouth

Zippel, S.F., J. Thomson, and G. Farquharson, "Turbulence from breaking surface waves at a river mouth," J. Phys. Oceanogr., 48, 435-453, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-17-0122.1, 2018.

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1 Feb 2018

Observations of surface waves, currents, and turbulence at the Columbia River mouth are used to investigate the source and vertical structure of turbulence in the surface boundary layer. Turbulent velocity data collected on board freely drifting Surface Wave Instrument Float with Tracking (SWIFT) buoys are corrected for platform motions to estimate turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) and TKE dissipation rates. Both of these quantities are correlated with wave steepness, which has previously been shown to determine wave breaking within the same dataset. Estimates of the turbulent length scale increase linearly with distance from the free surface, and roughness lengths estimated from velocity statistics scale with significant wave height. The vertical decay of turbulence is consistent with a balance between vertical diffusion and dissipation. Below a critical depth, a power-law scaling commonly applied in the literature works well to fit the data. Above this depth, an exponential scaling fits the data well. These results, which are in a surface-following reference frame, are reconciled with results from the literature in a fixed reference frame. A mapping between free-surface and mean-surface reference coordinates suggests 30% of the TKE is dissipated above the mean sea surface.

Small boat detection with along-track interferometric SAR

Balaban, M., A. Kovorotniy, Y. Goncharenko, V. Gorobets, F. Kivva, G. Farquharson, and A. Jessup, "Small boat detection with along-track interferometric SAR," IEEE Radar Conference, 8-12 May, Seattle, WA, doi:10.1109/RADAR.2017.7944356 (IEEE, 2017).

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8 May 2017

Along-track interferometric synthetic aperture radar measurements of a small fiberglass-hull boat were made in various wind and wave conditions and for different measurement geometries and boat speeds. The data collected show three different cases: 1) the boat signature is visible both in the backscattered power and interferometric phase images; 2) the boat signature is visible only in the interferometric phase image, and 3) the boat signature is not visible in either image. From a preliminary analysis of the data, we conclude that the angle between radar look direction and the nominal velocity vector of the boat significantly affects boat detection. The worst cases for detection are when those vectors are collinear or oppositely directed. The best detection cases appear to be for the case, when boat velocity vector and radar look direction are orthogonal or when the boat is stationary.

More Publications


Conformal Series-Fed Electronically Squinted Aperture-Couple Patch Array Antenna

Record of Invention Number: 46904

Gordon Farquharson


7 Apr 2014

Shipborne Ocean Wave Measurement System

Record of Invention Number: 46763

Gordon Farquharson, Bill Plant


11 Dec 2013

Acoustics Air-Sea Interaction & Remote Sensing Center for Environmental & Information Systems Center for Industrial & Medical Ultrasound Electronic & Photonic Systems Ocean Engineering Ocean Physics Polar Science Center