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Barbrina Dunmire

Senior Engineer

Email

mrbean@apl.washington.edu

Phone

206-685-6953

Education

B.S. Aeronautics & Astronautics, University of Washington, 1989

M.S. Aeronautics & Astronautics, University of Washington, 1991

M.S. Bioengineering, University of Washington, 1998

Videos

SonoMotion: A Budding Start-up Company

A research team has developed new technologies to treat kidney stone disease with an ultrasound-based system. Embraced by clinicians, their advances are now being taken to the next step: transition the prototype to an approved device that will roll into hospitals and clinics around the world.

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11 Feb 2013

At the Center for Industrial and Medical Ultrasound a team of scientists, engineers, and students has developed an ultrasound-based system that may provide an office procedure to speed the natural passage of kidney stones. The system uses commercial ultrasound components to locate stones in kidneys. It creates clear pictures of them and then applies an acoustic radiative force, repositioning stones in the kidney so they are more likely to pass naturally.

As a research team, considerable technical advancements have been made and valuable feedback and cooperation has been garnered from the user community – the clinicians. The scientists, engineers, urologists, and commercialization experts are now collaborating to take the next steps.

SonoMotion has partnered with a hardware manufacturing company and licensed the ultrasonic propulsion of kidney stones technology with the University of Washington. The next big step will be to transition the prototype system into one that will pass the rigors of FDA review and be ready to roll into hospitals and clinics around the world.

Center for Industrial and Medical Ultrasound - CIMU

CIMU is a group of scientists, engineers, and technicians dedicated to research across the field of bio-medical ultrasonics with the goal of developing technologies that will be used in a clinic to treat patients.

1 Nov 2010

Publications

2000-present and while at APL-UW

Effect of stone size and composition on ultrasonic propulsion ex vivo

Janssen, K.M., T.C. Brand, M.R. Bailey, B.W. Cunitz, J.D. Harper, M.D. Sorensen, and B. Dunmire, "Effect of stone size and composition on ultrasonic propulsion ex vivo," Urology, 111, 225-229, doi:10.1016/j.urology.2017.09.013, 2018.

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1 Jan 2018

Objective

To evaluate in more detail the effectiveness of a new designed more efficient ultrasonic propulsion for large stones and specific stone compositions in a tissue phantom model. In the first clinical trial of noninvasive ultrasonic propulsion, urinary stones of unknown compositions and sizes up to 10 mm were successfully repositioned.

Materials and Methods

The study included 8- to 12-mm stones of 4 different primary compositions (calcium oxalate monohydrate, ammonium acid urate, calcium phosphate, and struvite) and a renal calyx phantom consisting of a 12 mm x 30 mm well in a 10-cm block of tissue-mimicking material. Primary outcome was the number of times a stone was expelled over 10 attempts, with ultrasonic propulsion burst duration varying from 0.5 seconds to 5 seconds.

Results

Overall success rate at expelling stones was 95%. All calcium oxalate monohydrate and ammonium acid urate stones were expelled 100% of the time. The largest stone (12 mm) became lodged within the 12-mm phantom calyx 25% of the time regardless of the burst duration. With the 0.5-second burst, there was insufficient energy to expel the heaviest stone (0.88 g), but there was sufficient energy at the longer burst durations.

Conclusion

With a single burst, ultrasonic propulsion successfully moved most stones at least 3 cm and, regardless of size or composition, expelled them from the calyx. Ultrasonic propulsion is limited to the stones smaller than the calyceal space, and for each burst duration, related to maximum stone mass.

Retrospective comparison of measured stone size and posterior acoustic shadow width in clinical ultrasound images

Dai, J.C., B. Dunmire, K.M. Sternberg, Z. Liu, T. Larson, J. Thiel, H.C. Chang, J.D. Harper, M.R. Bailey, and M.D. Sorensen, "Retrospective comparison of measured stone size and posterior acoustic shadow width in clinical ultrasound images," World J. Urol., EOR, doi:10.1007/s00345-017-2156-8, 2017.

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14 Dec 2017

Purpose

Posterior acoustic shadow width has been proposed as a more accurate measure of kidney stone size compared to direct measurement of stone width on ultrasound (US). Published data in humans to date have been based on a research using US system. Herein, we compared these two measurements in clinical US images.

Methods

Thirty patient image sets where computed tomography (CT) and US images were captured less than 1 day apart were retrospectively reviewed. Five blinded reviewers independently assessed the largest stone in each image set for shadow presence and size. Shadow size was compared to US and CT stone sizes.

Results

Eighty percent of included stones demonstrated an acoustic shadow; 83% of stones without a shadow were ≤ 5 mm on CT. Average stone size was 6.5 ± 4.0 mm on CT, 10.3 ± 4.1 mm on US, and 7.5 ± 4.2 mm by shadow width. On average, US overestimated stone size by 3.8 ± 2.4 mm based on stone width (p < 0.001) and 1.0 ± 1.4 mm based on shadow width (p < 0.0098). Shadow measurements decreased misclassification of stones by 25% among three clinically relevant size categories (≤ 5, 5.1–10, > 10 mm), and by 50% for stones ≤ 5 mm.

Conclusions

US overestimates stone size compared to CT. Retrospective measurement of the acoustic shadow from the same clinical US images is a more accurate reflection of true stone size than direct stone measurement. Most stones without a posterior shadow are ≤ 5 mm.

Characterizing the acoustic output of an ultrasonic propulsion device for urinary stones

Cunitz, B.W., B. Dunmire, and M.R. Bailey, "Characterizing the acoustic output of an ultrasonic propulsion device for urinary stones," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control, 64, 1818-1827, doi:10.1109/TUFFC.2017.2758647, 2017.

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1 Dec 2017

A noninvasive ultrasound (US) system to facilitate the passage of small kidney stones has been developed. The device incorporates a software-based US platform programmed with brightness mode and Doppler for visualizing stones, plus long duration focused pulses for repositioning stones using the same transducer. This paper characterizes the acoustic outputs of the ultrasonic propulsion device. Though the application and outputs are unique, measurements were performed based on the regulatory standards for both diagnostic US and extracorporeal lithotripters. The extended length of the pulse, time varying pressure output over the pulse, the use of focused targeting, and the need to regulate the output at shallow depths, however, required modifications to the traditional acoustic measurement methods. Output parameters included spatial-peak intensities, mechanical index (MI), thermal index, pulse energy, focal geometry, and target accuracy. The imaging and Doppler operating modes of the system meet the Food and Drug Administration acoustic power and intensity limits for diagnostic US device. Push mode operates at a maximum MI of 2.2, which is above the limit of 1.9 for diagnostic US, but well below any lithotripsy device and an ISPTA of 548 mW/cm2, which is below the 720-mW/cm2 limit for diagnostic US.

More Publications

Inventions

Targeting Methods and Devices for Non-invasive Therapy Delivery

Record of Invention Number: 48305

Bryan Cunitz, Mike Bailey, Barbrina Dunmire, Michael Kennedy Hall, Adam Maxwell, Matthew Sorenson

Disclosure

11 Apr 2018

Ultrasound Based Method and Apparatus for Stone Detection and to Facilitate Clearance Thereof

Patent Number: 9,597,103

Mike Bailey, John Kucewicz, Barbrina Dunmire, Neil Owen, Bryan Cunitz

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Patent

21 Mar 2017

Described herein are methods and apparatus for detecting stones by ultrasound, in which the ultrasound reflections from a stone are preferentially selected and accentuated relative to the ultrasound reflections from blood or tissue. Also described herein are methods and apparatus for applying pushing ultrasound to in vivo stones or other objects, to facilitate the removal of such in vivo objects.

Ultrasound Based Method and Apparatus for Stone Detection and to Facilitate Clearance Thereof

Patent Number: 9,597,102

Mike Bailey, Bryan Cunitz, Barbrina Dunmire

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Patent

21 Mar 2017

Described herein are methods and apparatus for detecting stones by ultrasound, in which the ultrasound reflections from a stone are preferentially selected and accentuated relative to the ultrasound reflections from blood or tissue. Also described herein are methods and apparatus for applying pushing ultrasound to in vivo stones or other objects, to facilitate the removal of such in vivo objects.

More Inventions

Acoustics Air-Sea Interaction & Remote Sensing Center for Environmental & Information Systems Center for Industrial & Medical Ultrasound Electronic & Photonic Systems Ocean Engineering Ocean Physics Polar Science Center
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